Dow Hits 20,000+ For the First Time

Dow Hits 20,000+ For the First Time
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Written by Harveer Singh

Today the Dow Jones hit 20,000 points for the first time ever. To give you an understanding of how much it has gone up, its lowest point in recent history was on March 9th, 2009 at 6,626.94. Since that day the Dow has risen by 13,419.89 points, more than double its lowest point in 2009. The Dow has increased roughly 1,666 points since Donald Trump’s victory in November.

Yes, this is a historical day showing the increased confidence of the average investor in the economy. A bull Market! What is a Bull Market? It is when share prices are rising in the stock market and investors are buying. The opposite of this would be a Bear Market. A Bear Market is when share prices fall and investors start to sell (For more definitions, check out our post, the Startup Dictionary).

How has it gone so far up, breaking the 20,000 point? It seems as though the White House wants to take all of the credit. Kellyanne Conway certainly thinks it is due to President Trump when she recently tweeting “The Trump Effect.”

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I do not know what the real reason is and I do not plan on getting too far into politics. Anyone who personally knows me already knows where I stand. That being said, I know for sure that the only way the Dow would go up is if people are confidently buying.

What am I doing now that the Dow is at its record high? My strategy has always been to buy low and sell high. Therefore, I have been selling portions of my portfolio over the last week. That puts me against the grain I guess, but here is my reasoning:

The Dow is at the highest point it has EVER been. I am not sure where it will go from here as I do not have a crystal ball, but my thought is, what goes up must eventually come back down. This is why I started selling portions of my winning stocks.

What do you guys think about the Dow hitting its record high? Are you buying? Selling? Waiting and watching? Let us know in the comment section below!

Disclosure: The article above should not be used to make stock decisions. These are my thoughts and opinions and I can be wrong! Do your own homework and make your decisions based on research and facts, always.

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Calculating the ROI of a Rental Property

Calculating the ROI of a Rental Property
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Along with the management consulting and social media work, I also invest in residential rental properties. It is important to know how to calculate if a property will be profitable and what the return on investment (ROI) will be. The first thing you should know is if you are Value or Cash Flow investing.

Value Investing is when the primary purpose of purchasing a property is to hold it with the hope that the value of the property will increase. Purchasing a property in a high growth area for $100k and selling it a few years later for $500k would be an example of this. With these properties, it is okay to just break even with rental income.

Cash Flow Investing is when the primary purpose of purchasing the property is to make money through rental income. All costs considered, your rental income should be high enough that you can consider it income.

Of course, the ideal case would be that you find a property that falls within both parameters. That can be hard depending on where you are located and how much capital you have.

For the purpose of this post, we will be focusing on Cash Flow Investing.

Now let’s get into calculating if a property is profitable if you are financing the property.

Firstly, let’s go over all of the costs that you have to consider initially and then on an ongoing monthly basis of owning a rental property.

Out of Pocket Cost:

Initially, you would have to consider how much money you have to put down to purchase the property. Usually, it can be anywhere from 5-20% depending on your credit and the type of property. Let’s say you are purchasing a property that is worth $150,000 and have to put down 20% ($30,000). You also have to consider closing costs. For this example, closing costs are $10,000 for calculation purposes. Another cost that you usually have to pay that most people don’t consider is the following year’s property taxes. Say that property taxes for this property are $10,000 per year.

In total, the initial cost of purchasing this property will be $50,000. Meaning you will need this cash on hand right off the bat to purchase this property.

EDIT: I forgot to add Inspection costs. I have seen them range from $500-$2,000 depending on the property size and location. For this blog post, I will keep the math the same, but be aware that it is usually mandatory to have an inspection done.

Ongoing costs:

Now it is time to calculate what your costs will be on a monthly basis. Continuing with the example from above, we will have to finance $120,000. People usually pick between financing over 15 or 30 years. We will finance over 30 years here. For investment properties, the interest rate is around 7% or 8%. We will use 8% to be conservative. You can use many online tools to calculate your monthly mortgage costs. Google search Mortgage calculator.

The monthly mortgage cost alone will be $880.52 per month on the $120,000 over 30 years at an 8% interest rate.

Next, you will have to also factor in the property taxes for the next year into your calculation as well as a Landlord Insurance Policy. Our property taxes for this property is $10,000 and let’s say the insurance policy is $2,000 per year.

The total monthly cost of this property is $1,880.52.

Other hidden costs to consider:

-In some cases, if you put less than 20% down you will be charged what is called PMI. PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance and you will have to add this to the monthly mortgage cost if needed. I have seen it being anywhere between $150-$300 per month.

Common Charges: Some properties charge common charges to maintain the property (cutting the grass, snow removal, pools, etc.). These costs will also need to be considered on a monthly basis. The price of common charges really depends on the type of property and where it is located.

Is it profitable for Cash Flow Investing:

Now its time to do some research on the average rental costs in the area. Look on Zillow and other sites like it to see what the rental prices are for properties on the same block/building and in nearby locations.

If the average rental is $2,400 in the area, this may be a good Cash Flow property.

If it is $1,900 or below, I would not consider it for cash flow.

I usually only choose properties that can generate a monthly return of $600 or more, but it is based on personal preference.

Calculating simple ROI:

For rental properties that you have financed, it is good to calculate your return on investment.

For the purposes of this example, our monthly cash flow from the property is $500 per month (rental income minus ongoing monthly charges). This would result in an annual return of $6,000 ($500 x 12 months) from rental income after all costs.

If the out of pocket cost (initial cost) of purchasing the property is still $50,000, our ROI will be calculated as follows:

$6,000 (annual cash flow) ÷ $50,000 = 12% ROI

This formula can get very complex as some people use an amortization table to also factor in the principal (mortgage) paydown. I would say that a 12% simple ROI is very good. It would take roughly 8 years to break even on your initial investment ($50k/$6k).

I would also suggest reading the book HOLD: How to find, buy and, rent houses for wealth by Steve Chader if you are considering residential real estate investments.

You can also find other great books to read in one of my older posts called Essential Business Reads.

I hope you guys enjoyed this post. More will be coming soon! Until next time…

 

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